Biograph: Cheng Hu, Full professor of School of Information and Electronics, Beijing Institute of Technology. He received the Bachelor’s degree in electronic engineering from National University of Defense Technology, Changsha, China, in 2003 and the Ph.D. degree in target detection and recognition from Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), Beijing, China, in 2009. During 2006.03 to 2007.06, he worked as a Research Associate in Microwave Integrate System Lab, University of Birmingham, U.K. From 2009.09 to 2014.06, he worked as a lecturer and associate professor in the School of Electronic Engineering, BIT. From 2014.07 to now, he was promoted to be full professor. From 2015.09 to now, he has hold the post of deputy director of radar research institute. He has been mainly working on the image formation and differential interferometry theory and methodology for Geosynchronous Synthetic Aperture Radar (GEO SAR), and Entomological Radar signal and information processing. In these radar research fields, he has been the principal investigators and main participants of more than 20 grants and funding from different national or governmental sources, e.g., the Chinese National Science Foundation, the pre-researcher project of Equipment Ministry, the China Academy of Space Technology Foundation, and the Young Elite Teacher Project of Beijing Higher Education and so on.
He has been elected as National Ten-thousand Talents Program ‘Young top talent’, and published more than 150 refereed Journal and Conference papers, and an English monograph (Geosynchronous SAR: System and Signal Processing, Springer), and granted more than 30 and filed 30 national invention patents of China. In addition, He has been the IET (The Institution of Engineering and Technology) Fellow and CIE (Chinese Institute of Electronics) Fellow and IEEE senior member, and served as the TPC chair of IET International Radar Conference 2015, Session Chairs of several international conferences (such as IGARSS/ChinaSIP/ICSP). He also was elected as the editors of Journal of China Science Information Science, Journal of Modern radar, Journal of System Engineering and Electronics.
Title:Entomological Radar Signal Processing & Experimental Validation
Abstract: Insect migration is a significant ecological phenomenon in nature and massive insects do long-distance migration annually. Because most species of insect migrants are nocturnal to avoid their predators, it makes radar, with the advantages of all weather and all day work, to be the most effective tool to observe insect migration. Many important progresses have been made by entomological radars, such as high-density layering and common orientation. However, relative to group migration observation above, individual insect study becomes more and more important nowadays, which puts forward higher requirements on entomological radars.
This presentation will focus on the entomological radar research for monitoring individual insect migration. To improve the entomological radar performance of individual insect monitoring, novel entomological radar is designed and proposed with several new technologies for species identification and trajectory analysis, including:
Insect body length/mass measurements based on multi-frequency RCS;
Wingbeat frequency measurement based on micro-Doppler effect;
Orientation estimation based on instantaneous full-polarization system;
Trajectory measurement using high-resolution phased array radar;
A series of experiments were carried out both in the anechoic chamber and the field, so as to validate the feasibility of these new radar techniques above, where 29 insect species were involved. Up to now, a Ku-band entomological radar prototype has been built with the high range resolution of 0.2m and the capability of instantaneous full-polarization measurement. The field observations were carried out in Langfang, Hebei Province, Xilinhot, Inner Mongolia, etc. The wingbeat frequency, head orientation and aerial density of migratory insects were successfully measured.